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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 54-60

Harvesting COVID convalescent plasma using latest-generation apheresis systems: Analyzing factors associated with donor, machine, and manufactured product


Department of Transfusion Medicine, Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sudipta Sekhar Das
Department of Transfusion Medicine, Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/GJTM.GJTM_109_20

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Background and Objectives: Transfusion of COVID convalescent plasma (CCP) has been found to be a useful and logistically feasible therapeutic strategy in COVID-19. Appropriate guidelines describing donor eligibility criteria, CCP collection and storage, and clinical transfusion of CCP have been described. In this study, we discussed the collection of CCP by plasmapheresis, quality of product obtained, and donor adverse reactions associated with CCP collection. Methods: This observational study included 209 screened eligible donors and 186 procedures of plasmapheresis for the collection of CCP. Donor selection and CCP collection were done as per the guidelines described by regulatory bodies. Statistical analysis was done using the SPSS statistical package. Results: The median age of the eligible donors was 42 years, with a male preponderance. The mean anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 immunoglobulin G value (S/Co) was 11.8 in eligible donors. The total mean whole blood volume processed to collect the targeted plasma volume, mean utilization of anticoagulant, and mean time needed to complete the procedure were significantly more in the Spectra Optia cell separator (P < 0.05). Quality of the plasma separated by Trima Accel and Spectra Optia was found to be comparable. A total of 9 (5.1%) donors experienced adverse events during or after plasmapheresis. Conclusion: Plasmapheresis using new-generation automated cell separators has the potential to generate CCP of optimized quality and potency. More emphasis is needed on the quality control of CCP with regard to the establishment of defined quality markers and their allowable limits. Appropriate donor vigilance, donor selection, and equipment management during the procedure may significantly prevent adverse events related to plasmapheresis.


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