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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23-27

Blood donors and their deferral pattern in a university hospital, Nepal

1 Department of Pathology, Dhulikhel Hospital Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel, Nepal
2 Department of Biochemistry, Dhulikhel Hospital Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Surendra Koju
Department of Pathology, Dhulikhel Hospital Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/gjtm.gjtm_11_22

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Background and Objectives: Blood transfusion is a life-saving procedure and the selection of healthy blood donors is essential steps for safe blood transfusion. Proper selection of blood donors is needed for the safety of both blood donors and recipients. The aim of this study was to assess the demographic profile of blood donors and determine the frequency and reason of donor deferral in a university hospital of Nepal. Methods: This hospital-based retrospective study was carried out in the Blood Bank Unit of the tertiary care center of Nepal. Data were collected from the record book maintained in the blood bank from January 2016 to December 2020. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Office Excel 2010 for descriptive analysis. Results: A total of 3697 individuals came for blood donation during the study period; among them, 2802 (75.8%) were male and 895 (24.2%) were female. Total number of voluntary donation were 2175 (58.8%), while 1522 (41.2%) were family/replacement donation. Among all donors, 351 (9.5%) donors were deferred for different reasons. The most common cause of donor deferral was hypertension (15.0%), followed by medication (14.0%), while anemia (32.8%) was the leading cause of deferral in female donors. Out of total deferral cases, 92.6% of donors were temporary deferral, while 7.4% were deferred permanently. Conclusion: Most deferrals were temporarily due to hypertension, medication, and anemia. Awareness about these causes of deferral can increases the donor pool.

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