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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 129-133

Knowledge, attitude, practice, and motivation toward blood donation among citizens of Albania

1 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Sulaiman Al Rajhi University, Al Bukayriyah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Sulaiman Al Rajhi University, Al Bukayriyah, Saudi Arabia; Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Putra Malaysia, Seri Selangor, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Idris Sula
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Sulaiman Al Rajhi University, Al Bukayriyah
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/gjtm.gjtm_22_22

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Background and Objectives: Blood donation is a remarkably safe medical procedure. However, it can easily be affected by attitudes, beliefs, and level of knowledge. A knowledgeable, attitudinal, and practical survey has been used in Albania, to understand and identify (1) The factors that influence blood donation, (2) the factors stopping people from blood donation, (3) the behavior and approach of the people toward blood donation in the future, (4) the knowledge level among donors and nondonors, and (5) misconceptions related to blood donation. Materials and Methods: This search was conducted on online surveys using Google Forms, which were shared through social media platforms such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Gmail, and a self-administered questionnaire was shared to random people through social media platforms. Results: Of the 858 people answering the questionnaire from Albania, only 32% of the people were blood donors. The motifs that encouraged the people in Albania mostly to donate were to help others in need and save lives and donations for family members. The main reasons preventing people from donation were the fact that they were not asked for and medical reasons. In Albania, 88.6% would donate if called upon. Conclusion: Some of these results reflected an encouraging attitude toward blood donation. Further future planning with emphasis on educational programs and more organizations of donor recruitment campaigns could result in an increase of donations and thus fulfilling the needs of the patients in the country but not only.

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